Friday, December 2, 2011

Dosa-dosa Besar dan jenisnya

Dosa-dosa Besar dan jenisnya

dosa-dosa besar
Kata dosa adalah sebuah istilah yang berasal dari kalangan Hindu, dan telah lazim digunakan oleh umat Islam yang berbahasa Indonesia. Umat Islam yang berbahasa Indonesia biasa meyebut kata dosa untuk menerjemahkan sejumlah istilah di dalam Al-Qur’an, seperti  ism, zanb, wizr, dan lain sebagainya. 

Secara umum dapat dikatakan bahwa dosa, menurut ajaran Islam, mengacu kepada perbuatan-perbuatan jahat atau buruk, yang dilakukan dengan sadar tanpa paksaan, juga mengacu kepada akibat buruk atau jahat yang dihasilkan oleh perbuatan tersebut.

Menurut Islam, dosa itu ada yang termasuk dosa-dosa kecil (sagair) dan ada yang digolongkan dosa besar (kabair). Pembagian itu biasanya mengacu kepada akibat yang ditimbulkan oleh perbuatan dosa itu, baik bagi pelaku maupun orang lain, dan cara bertobat atau mohon ampun dari perbuatan dosa itu.

Perbuatan dosa merupakan sebab utama kesengsaraan manusia. Perbuatan dosa dilarang dalam agama karena berbahaya bagi pelakunya, baik bagi kesehatan, akal ataupun pekerjaanya.

Adapun jenis-jenis dosa besar, yaitu:
  • Dosa terhadap Allah; seperti menyekutukan Allah, ingkar kepada Allah, melupakan Allah, munafik, ria (syirik kecil), dan lain sebagainya.
  • Dosa dalam masalah seks; seperti zina, homoseks, pergaulan bebas, dan sebagainya,
  • Dosa dalam keluarga; seperti menyakiti hati orang tua, memutuskan silaturahmi, perselisihan antar keluarga, dan sebagainya.
  • Dosa dalam hal makanan  dan minuman seperti meminum minuman kereas, makanan yang dimakan dari bahan yang tidak halal, dan lain sebagainya.
  • Dosa dalam masyarakat; seperti zalim, bohong, kesaksian palsu, adu domba, menghina orang lain, gibah, dan lain sebagainya.
  • Dosa dalam muamalah, seperti menipu, makan harta anak yatim, menyuap, riba, menimbun barang, dan lain sebagainya.
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Sunday, November 27, 2011

Truly Free IPhone Apps Worth Downloading

Truly Free IPhone Apps Worth Downloading
When the App Store first opened, many applications were free and even a dollar was enough to make users question whether or not they really wanted the game. Two years later, almost all iPhone apps charge a price and paying between two and five dollars isn't unexpected. It doesn't take long to realize that you could sink a fortune on cheap games.

While most "free" apps are actually crippled "lite" versions meant to tease users and entice them into paying full price, there are still a few truly free apps left. Free as in not-cost to you so go download now. Whether you’re cheap, broke, or both, read on to discover the best, free apps.

StumbleUpon! (Free, StumbleUpon) Web savvy iPhone enthusiasts will likely recognize this app from the online content discovery service of the same name. StumbleUpon! the website (and browser add-on) are widely regarded as the best, most effective time-wasters on the internet. After you register your free account, hitting the “Stumble” button will serve up a random website that is sure to pique your interest. Hit Stumble again, and you get another one. And on and on. The iPhone version is exactly the same, but portable. In other words: procrastinators beware.

Dragon Dictation (Free, Nuance Communications) Dragon Dictation is an app that has to be tried to be believed. Dragon is a speech-to-text app that, believe it or not, actually works. Simply fire up the app, hit the dictate button, and start dictating. Dragon Dictation not only serves up a fast and near-error-free transcription, but if any mistakes were made then editing is a breeze. Users can export the text to the native SMS or e-mail apps, or even to Twitter. With so many people choosing to text and drive at the same time, Dragon Dictation has the capacity to actually save lives.

Movies by Flixter - with Rotten Tomatoes (Free, Flixter) Going to the movies is expensive enough already. The cost of movie tickets is skyrocketing, and a small soda at your average theater is likely to cost more than your first car. At least Flixter lets us find movies for free, and it does a great job of it. Flixter will tell you the release dates of films, show you their trailers, and use the iPhone’s built-in GPS to help you find the closest theater. It will even link you to film reviews from Rotten Tomatoes, to make sure you won’t spend all that movie theater money on another critical lemon.

VLC (Free, Applidium) VLC for Windows and Mac has no shortage of followers, and with good reason: this media player will play just about any type of file you throw at it, and it’s free of ads, free to download, and totally open source. Now, Applidium has ported VLC to the iPhone, and it does not disappoint. While other apps can only play native .mp4 media files, VLC for iPhone will tackle .avi, .mkv, and countless others you may not have even heard of. VLC for iPhone is naturally free to download, but be sure to get your copy fast, as rumor has it that its days in the App Store are numbered.
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